The history of Kyrgyzstan starts from the second millennium BC. The area knows a lot of ancient civilizations as of Saks, Usuns, and Huns gradually replacing each other. It was followed by the rise of Turkic dynasty which later fell into two branches and Kyrgyz people fell under the dominance of Western Khanate. Later in the 9th century having beaten the Uigur Khanate the Kyrgyz formed their first independent country.
Late there was formed the Khanate of Karakhanids was recognized by the Persian tribes during the 10th century. One of the most important cities was the town named Balasaguni, known as the capital of this statement. You can visit this town even nowadays and see the remains of it with the tower. You can get there within one hour driving from Bishkek.
The area was occupied by the troops of Genghis Khan in the 13 th century there comes into existence the great Mongolian Empire. After the death of the powerful emperor the Empire was divided into many small kingdoms, and the region of today's Kyrgyzstan was a part of the Chagatai Khanate.
The medieval ages for the Kyrgyz people were very difficult and labeled by constant wars between the local tribes as well as the invaders. Later the area was dominated by the Kokand Khanate, ruled by Uzbeks after which the region became part of the Russian Empire after a revolt in 1873 - 1874, and it joined to the Soviet Union subsequent the October Revolution since 1936.
The Kyrgyz Republic declared its freedom in 1991, August, 31, and since then it is known as an independent country of Kyrgyzstan.